Today’s free book is William S.W. Vaux’s description of the research on Ancient Assyria and Persia up to 1850. This public domain title was digitised using a copy from Terence C. Mitchell’s library using my new overhead scanning equipment.
William Sandys Wright Vaux [1876-1941], Nineveh and Persepolis: An Historical Sketch of Ancient Assyria and Persia, with an Account of the Recent Researches in those Countries. London: Arthur Hall, Virtue, & Co., 1850. Hbk. pp. 436. [Click here to visit the download page for this title]
Table of Contents
- The Kingdom of Assyria—Nimrod—His Name—Faith—First reigned in Babylon—Marginal Note—Early State of Babylon and Nineveh—Institution of Civil Society—Nomad Tribes, Ancient and Modern—Persian Nomads—Mongols—Turks—Magyars, &c.-Persian Tribes—Kurds—Early Name of Babel—Confusion of Tongues—Babylon—Early Greatness and long Subsequent Glory—Her Position—The Enterprise of her People—Nineveh—Classical Accounts of its Position—And Magnitude—The Classical meaning of “Assyria”—Kings of Nineveh—Amraphel—Teutamus—Blank of a Thousand Years—Parallel and Contemporary History of the Jews—Adjoining Nations—Philistines—Sidonians—Phamician Colonies—Trade with the East in the Time of Solomon.
- The History of Assyria (continued)—Pul—Tiglath Pileser—Shalmaneser—Sennacherib—Descent into Egypt—Revolt of the Medes—Esarhaddon—Nabuchodonosor— War with Arphaxad (Phraortes)—Invasion of Judaea by Holophemes—Fall of Nineveh—Nebuchadnezzar—Chaldees— Sketch of their Ancient and Modern History.
- Nebuchadnezzar—Battlee of Megiddo—Herodotus’s Account of it—Final Destruction of Jerusalem—Nebuchadnezzar lays Siege to Tyre—Conquest of Egypt—Remarkable Fulfilment of Prophecies there—Works of Nebuchadnezzar at Babylon—Magnitude of that City—Belshazzar—Accounts of the Taking of Babylon by Cyrus, in Holy Scripture—Herodotus—Xenophon—Darius the Mede,
- Persia—Traditions and early Legendary History—Jemshid—Kai-Khosru (Cyrus)—Comparison of the rise of Cyrus and Jengbiz—Khan—Account of Herodotus—Death of Cyrus—Cambyses—Pseudo-Smerdis -Invasion ofScythia by Darius—Story of Aristagoras and Cleomenes—Zoraoaster— Particular Account of his system of Religion—Xerxes—Darius Codomannus—lnvasion and Conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great—Successors of Alexander—Seleucus and Seleucids—Antiochus Epiphanes—First Contact between the Romans and the East—Popillius in Africa—Acilius Glabrio in Ætolia—Rise of the Parthian Empire—The Parthians the greatest opponents Rome ever had—Rise of the Sassanians—Ardeshir I.—Shahpur I.—Khosru Purviz—Conquest of Persia by the Muhammedans—lsmail-ben-Leith—Samanians—Mahmud of Ghazna—Turcomans—Alp-Arslan—Malek Shah—Hulagu and the Moghuls—Timur-Sketeh of his Life and Conquests—Sefide Dynasty.
- Early Travellers—Chiefly to the Holy Land—Itinerary of Bourdeaux—Bishop Arculf—Willibald, the Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Eichstadt—The Monk Fidelis—Bernard the Wise—Pope Sylvester II.—Peter the Hermit—Crusades—The Anglo-Saxon Sæwulf—Sigurd the Crusader—Benjamin of Tudela—Hs Travels—Account of the Khaláfat-Sect of the Assassins—Marco Polo
- Babylon—Intermediate Hietory from ite capture by Cyrus to the commencement of Modern Travele—Early Travellere—Eldred—Rauwulf—Boeventing—Della Valle—Niebuhr—Abbé Beauchamp—Rich—Remain at Babylon—Kasr—Mujelibé—Birs Nimrúd—Major Rennell’s— Controverey with Mr. Rich—Buckingham—Researches of Sir Robert Ker Porter—Ruins of Akerkuf—Al Hbeimer
- M. Botta’s—Discoveries at Khoreabád—Mr. Layard’s Discoveries at Nimroud—Koyunjik—Mr. Ross’s Discoveries—Kalah Sherghát—Al Hathr—Mr. Ainsworth’s Account of a Visit to those Ruins—Rock Sculptures at Bavian—Malthaiyah—General Sketch of the Results of Mr. Layard”s Discoveries with regard to the History, Arts, ond Religion of Ancient Assyria
- Monumental Remains of Persia.—First period of the Achæmenian Dynasty—Persepolis—Ancient and Modern Names—Character of the Buildings—Cyrus—Cambyses—Darius—Xerxes—What portions may be assigned to each—General Description of the Ruins from Chardin, Le Brun, Niebuhr, Ker Porter, and other Travellers—-Derivation of Greek Art from the Persians—Remarks of Sir William Ouseley—Tombs behind Persepolis—Ruins of Murghab—Tomb of Cyrus—Paaergada, Ancient and Modern Accounts of—Harám of Jemshíd—Persepolitan Temple near Shirz—Istakhr—Achæmeuian Tombs at Naksbi Rustám—Second period.—Sassanian Remains at Nakshi Rustám—Bahram V. —Shahpur I. and Valerian—Fire Temple—Fire Altars—Nakshi Rejib—Rhey (Rhages)—Ruins of Shahpur, near Kázerún—Remains at Behistun—Khosru Purviz and Shirín—Ferhád the Sculptor—Shahpur II.
- Discoveries of Major Rawlinson—Sculptures and Inscriptions from Behistun—Other Achæmenian Inscriptions—Of Cyrus at Murghab —Of Darius at Persepolis—M. Elwend—On the Rock Tomb at Nakshi Rustám—On the Window at Persepolis—And on a Cylinder at the British Museum—Of Xerxes at Elwend—Persepolis—Van —Vase of the Count de Caylns—Of Artaxerxes Ochus at Persepolis —Vase at St. Mark’s, Venice—On the Interpretation of tho Cuneiform Inscriptions—Labours of Grotefend—Rask—St. Martin—Bournouf—Lassen—Rawlinson